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Subaru Crosstrek Service Manual: Dtc p0851 park/neutral switch input circuit low

ENGINE (DIAGNOSTICS)(H4DO) > Diagnostic Procedure with Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)

DTC P0851 PARK/NEUTRAL SWITCH INPUT CIRCUIT LOW

1. AT MODEL

DTC detecting condition:

Detected when two consecutive driving cycles with fault occur.

Trouble symptom:

Improper idling

CAUTION:

After servicing or replacing faulty parts, perform Clear Memory Mode Clear Memory Mode > OPERATION">, and Inspection Mode Inspection Mode > PROCEDURE">.

Wiring diagram:

Engine electrical system Engine Electrical System">

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK SELECT CABLE.

Is there any fault in select cable?

Repair or adjust the select cable. Select Cable">

Diagnostic Procedure with Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > DTC P0851 PARK/NEUTRAL SWITCH INPUT CIRCUIT LOW">Go to Step 2.

2.CHECK INPUT SIGNAL OF ECM.

1) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

2) Place the select lever in other than “P” range and “N” range.

3) Measure the voltage between ECM connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(B137) No. 16 (+) — Chassis ground (−):

Is the voltage 10 V or more?

Repair the poor contact of ECM connector.

Diagnostic Procedure with Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > DTC P0851 PARK/NEUTRAL SWITCH INPUT CIRCUIT LOW">Go to Step 3.

3.CHECK HARNESS BETWEEN ECM AND TRANSMISSION HARNESS CONNECTOR.

1) Turn the ignition switch to OFF.

2) Disconnect the connector from ECM.

3) Disconnect the connectors from ECM and transmission harness connector (T3).

4) Measure the resistance between ECM connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(B137) No. 16 — Chassis ground:

Is the resistance 1 M? or more?

Diagnostic Procedure with Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > DTC P0851 PARK/NEUTRAL SWITCH INPUT CIRCUIT LOW">Go to Step 4.

Repair the short circuit to ground in harness between ECM connector and transmission harness connector.

4.CHECK TRANSMISSION HARNESS CONNECTOR.

1) Disconnect the connector from inhibitor switch.

2) Measure the resistance between transmission harness connector and engine ground.

Connector & terminal

(T3) No. 16 — Engine ground:

Is the resistance 1 M? or more?

Replace the inhibitor switch. Inhibitor Switch">

Repair short circuit to ground in harness between transmission harness connector and inhibitor switch connector.

2. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of neutral SW.

Judge as NG when the ECM neutral terminal input differs from the reception data from TCM.

3. EXECUTION CONDITION

Secondary Parameters

Execution condition

Battery voltage

≥ 10.9 V

Starter relay feedback voltage

< Battery voltage ? 0.35

Data received from TCM

≠ “P” range/“N” range

4. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Perform the diagnosis continuously in 2 seconds after starting the engine.

5. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Malfunction Criteria

Threshold Value

Neutral position switch voltage

≤ Battery voltage ? 0.19

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 64 ms ? 100 time(s)

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

6. MT MODEL

DTC detecting condition:

Detected when two consecutive driving cycles with fault occur.

Trouble symptom:

Improper idling

CAUTION:

After servicing or replacing faulty parts, perform Clear Memory Mode Clear Memory Mode > OPERATION">, and Inspection Mode Inspection Mode > PROCEDURE">.

Wiring diagram:

Engine electrical system Engine Electrical System">

STEPCHECKYESNO

1.CHECK INPUT SIGNAL OF ECM.

1) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

2) Place the gear shift lever in a position other than neutral.

3) Measure the voltage between ECM connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(B137) No. 16 (+) — Chassis ground (−):

Is the voltage 10 V or more?

Repair the poor contact of ECM connector.

Diagnostic Procedure with Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) > DTC P0851 PARK/NEUTRAL SWITCH INPUT CIRCUIT LOW">Go to Step 2.

2.CHECK HARNESS BETWEEN ECM AND NEUTRAL POSITION SWITCH 1 CONNECTOR.

1) Turn the ignition switch to OFF.

2) Disconnect the connector from ECM.

3) Disconnect the connector from neutral position switch 1.

4) Measure the resistance between ECM connector and chassis ground.

Connector & terminal

(B137) No. 16 — Chassis ground:

Is the resistance 1 M? or more?

Replace the neutral position switch 1. Switches and Harness">

Repair the short circuit to ground in harness between ECM connector and neutral position switch 1 connector.

7. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of neutral SW.

Judge as NG when there is no change in the neutral SW even if the driving shift was applied. (There is neutral SW ON/OFF inversion from the vehicle speed and engine speed.)

8. EXECUTION CONDITION

Secondary parameters

Execution condition

Battery voltage

≥ 10.9 V

The number of driving condition change from a) to b)

= 3 time(s)

a)

Vehicle speed

≤ 0 km/h (0 MPH)

and

Engine speed

≥ 550 rpm

and

≤ 850 rpm

b)

Vehicle speed

≥ 64 km/h (39.8 MPH)

and

Engine speed

≥ 1550 rpm

and

≤ 2100 rpm

9. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Perform the diagnosis continuously in 2 seconds after starting the engine.

10. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Judge NG when the malfunction criteria below are completed determined times or more after the neutral SW change.

Judgment value

Malfunction Criteria

Threshold Value

Neutral switch output voltage

≤ Battery voltage ? 0.19 V

Time needed for diagnosis: 3 time(s)

Malfunction indicator light illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

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